Broken glass, toppled stone and razed buildings are one element of the physical damage that resulted from the Easter Rising. A small little known party called Sinn Fein formed in 1905 began to get noticed. The history of Ireland is a turbulent one full of mysterious customs, fiery battles and unwavering pride. The effort put into the organisation should pay off shortly thereafter, because in 1829, Catholic Emancipation was finally approved in form of the “Roman Catholic Relief Act. How about getting this access immediately? The Easter Rising in 1916 However, the planning for the rebellion had already begun two years before, in 1914. 3. The Easter rising heavily influenced the political relations between Ireland and England during the years that followed, and was the foundation stone of Ireland’s militant fight for independence. The IRB, also called Fenians and already founded in 1858, were a secret society “dedicated to the establishment on an Irish Republic.”[8] It had experienced an uplift in the years between 1907 and 1912, and “IRB members infiltrated almost all the principal organisations in Ireland before 1914 […].”[9], Additional to this development, the political tension between Ireland and Britain had risen considerably since the turn of the century. [T]hese people were Protestant, and for the most part unionist in their politics.”[3] They were in no way worthy representatives for the Irish majority. The rising lead to the arrest of approximately 3,500 Irish men and women despite barely half of that number having actually been involved. This then led to Sinn Fein MPs setting up their own illegal government in Dublin the Dail Eireann. L4- Consequences of the Easter Rising. The Irish Volunteers and IRB became the IRA the Dail’s army. The Easter rising heavily influenced the political relations between Ireland and England during the years that followed, and was the foundation stone of Ireland’s militant fight for independence. The occurrence in question is the founding and the later activities of the so called Fenian Movement. 4.1. Peculiarities of various assignment types, Philosophical inquiry and the goals of nursing. Nationalist people no longer saw home rule as an option and saw it as too little too late. Easter rising 1916: conflict and consequences. Nationalists rejected the government of Ireland act. One of the masterminds behind the Easter Rising was a man who had already attracted public attention several years before – James Connolly. Sinn Fein gained a rise in support. The Dail Eireann was set up and the war of independence was an indirect consequence to the rising. The Easter rising had many long-term consequences such as British Prime Minister Lloyd George having to begin compromising with Republicans. When the treaty was brought back to the Dail it caused a bitter split erupting in civil war. Sinn Fein’s main aim was to gain total independence for a thirty-two county republic from Britain. Launching brutal retaliatory attacks on civilians. As a result, many came to view the Easter Rising as “the start of an era of unnecessary bloodshed and violence [9] .”. The main reasons for this swing in support to militant nationalism were the harsh treatment by the British government to the leaders of the rising in 1916, the failure to implement home rule in 1914. There were, of course, other events of importance in the years prior to the Easter rebellion, among them the rise and fall of Charles Steward Parnell, the founding of the Land League and its consequences, as well as the several attempts at Home Rule under Gladstone. This development only served to distance most of the Irish from the Government in Britain. Sinn Fein MPs had carried out their election Promises and refused to take up their seat in Westminster. How about getting a customized one? Start studying Easter Rising causes and consequences. There were several notable affects of the Easter Rising. The British government proposed the 26 county free state and it was accepted. What were the short term effects of the 1916 Easter Rising? While many of these were later relased, 170 rebels were court-martialled and between the 3rd and 12th of May, 16 rebels were executed including all seven signatories of the proclamation. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. [13] Robert Kee, The Bold Fenian Men, The Green Flag Volume Two (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1989) 198. The rising was a symptom of the failure of Home Rule. Another problem was that the Irish citizens did not get “a fairer share in government”[2] after the Act of Union. After the Rising. - Completely free - with ISBN They believed their forces to be no true match for the British army, and that the chances of succeeding were far too low. The Act of Union bound both countries together as one, deepening political relations and forcing the people on both sides to get acquainted practically overnight[1]. What were the causes of the Easter Rising Essay Sample. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. At the same time details began to emerge of British atrocities, including the … No problem! Jump the queue with a membership plan, get unlimited samples and plagiarism results – immediately! The prisoners were originally placed in Kilmainham Jail, where many of the 1916 leaders were executed, but they were then moved to prisons in England and Wales. As we look at the country today and think that 90 years have flown since a group of brave men took on the might of an Empire in what to many was a foolish effort to shake off the chains that bound us to what had been our masters for roughly 700 years. Sixteen of them were executed between 3 May and 12 May 1916. Blablawriting.com provide for you a wide variety of top-notch essay and term paper samples on any possible topics absolutely. The aim of this paper will be to show that the Easter Rebellion of 1916 was the crucial event in the history of modern Ireland, and that it profoundly shaped political relations with England for many years afterwards. Providing home rule for North and South, with a parliament in Dublin and Belfast. Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base. They set up their own Dail courts, police service and collected taxes. Although this tradition was celebrated in the nationalist discourse of the times, most autonomists had come to view physical force as an anachronistic relic from the past. 3.2. Among those in attendance was also Arthur Griffith from Sinn Féin. - High royalties for the sales Militant Nationalists began to attract sympathy. This led to increased support for militant nationalism. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails. The IRB sought allies for their campaign in Germany, and made plans for a Rebellion where Ireland’s independence should be publicly declared. These restrictions were recorded in the so called Penal Laws. This worksheet is a standalone resource that assesses a range of source material relating to the immediate consequences of the Easter Rising of 1916. The Easter rising left a legacy of anti British feeling. His answer was partition. It was to be the Republican strategy for the rest of the century. Many events have given account to the repeated struggle of the Irish people against invasion and the loss of their freedom. Though the uprising itself had been unpopular with most of the Irish people, these executions excited a wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. 4.4. The main reason more people began to support Sinn Fein was in 1918 when the British government tried to implement conscription to Ireland. 4 Answers. The rising was an attempt by militant Irish republicans to win independence from Britain by force of arms. By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. Preparation and British Interference  (Institute for Anglistics/American Studies). Which made it seem more and more likely Ulster would be separated from home rule. Now, “Russell’s cabinet was seen to preside over the decimation of the Irish population in an especially heartless and brutal manner.”[5] This development, even though it was still many years away from the Easter Rebellion, might still be considered one of the major influences, because “[t]he powerlessness of the people, and the apparent indifference of the government to their sufferings, left a dangerous legacy of anger and resentment that was to shape political developments in the second half of the nineteenth century.”[6]. The first chapter will consist of a synopsis of the proceedings leading up to the rising, and the naming of possible reasons for the rebellion. As Ireland commemorates the centennial of the Easter Rising, this course will investigate the causes, planning, implementation, and consequences of the 1916 rebellion. Additionally, the Act was frowned upon by many, which eventually lead to a rebellion shortly after, in 1803. Many of the buildings in Dublin city centre were almost in ruins after the Rising. In 1823, the Catholic Association was founded, where the peasants could actively participate in political matters. In the first year of the famine, the government under Robert Peel still attempted to help the suffering population my means of relief measures. The main effect of the arrests, therefore, was to alienate nationalist opinion. Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith attended a conference in London to discuss Ireland’s future. - It only takes five minutes The Easter Rising revived the use of violence for political purposes. Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. The Pearse declared that Ireland was now an independent country. There was ongoing bitterness in Irish politics, ongoing support for militant nationalism. The Easter Rising in 1916 was an event planned and executed by several leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, among them Patrick Pearse and Tom Clarke. Home rule was now dead. This created a new wave of anti-British feeling. Home Rule was no longer acceptable. The Anglo-Irish War from 1919-1921 The immediate results caused by the surrender of the Rising … David Lloyd George was under pressure from the British public to do something. Would you like to get such a paper? Sinn Fein led a huge campaign against this. In this meeting, strategies for further actions were discussed. 1 Answer. It was the most significant uprising in … The surrender of the rebels who were involved in the Easter Rising in April 1916 resulted in many consequences. Start studying The Easter Rising, 1916. Also the eating habits of the common people proved to be troublesome, because during the last part of the 18th century, the potato became the essential element of their diet. The last rebel to be executed was Roger Casement by hanging on August the third. More than 90 people were sentenced to death for their part in the Easter Rising. The War of Independence and the Civil War were profoundly shaped by the legacy of 1916. Black and white postcard of Bachelor's Walk and Lower Sackville Street, Dublin after the 1916 Easter Rising. What were the consequences of the easter rising? However, to write about all those would surpass the limitations of this paper. Want to add some juice to your work? Also, there was a serious dispute on whether or not Ulster should be excluded from Home Rule, and so Ireland was only one step away from a civil war when World War I began. [10] See: “Modern Ireland under British Rule.” Britannica© CD 99, 1994-1998. These can be categorised into immediate results, short-term results and long term results. The Anglo-Irish Treaty in. This had a huge impact in Ireland. Both sides came to a truce in 1921. On Easter Monday, the 24 April 1916, a siege was organized that lasted only for 5 days and ended in a massacre. Your Answer Is Very Helpful For UsThank You A Lot! However, the consequences of this comparatively small act of revolution were enormous. The rising made Britain realise that it had to compromise and Ulster Unionists they could not continue to have it their own way. Fearghal McGarry (Queen's University, Belfast) - The outcome of the Rising; Tim Bowman (University of Kent) – The British Army in the Rising; Copying is only available for logged-in users, If you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. There were large protests in Ireland against the execution of Fenian prisoners, many of whose death sentences were, as a result, reprieved. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It occurred during Easter week of that year. Ulster Unionists reluctantly accepted realising they had to reach a compromise. Therefore, after the Act of Union, one of the main goals was to repel these laws, and to strengthen the rights of the Catholic population. Save for later. In 1912, he and James Larkin had founded the Irish Labour Party and had worked on improving the conditions for the working class. The British were foolish in their treatment of those they captured, they were tried and executed, James Connolly was so badly injured in the attempted uprising that he was shot whilst sat on a chair. The shape of Irish Politics had been transformed for the rest of the century. - Every paper finds readers, http://www.uni-jena.de/ However as the war of independence raged on it became apparent Ireland could not defeat Britain and Britain could not cope with guerrilla warfare. Have not found what you were looking for? The war of independence became a war of retaliation. Therefore, only one other event will be further explained here because of its importance for the developments after the Easter rising. When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. In 1845, a potato disease came upon Ireland and destroyed most of the plants. After … The users without accounts have to wait due to a large waiting list and high demand. However, the building in this postcard remained intact, although many of its windows were … Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. The rise of Sinn Fein This organisation “would dramatically advance Ireland’s progress towards independence […]”[7] in the future. - Publication as eBook and book Easter Rising 1916 Leaving Cert History Revision Presentation Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949 Relevance. Favourite answer. The Irish Volunteers were a military group formed in 1913 and its members accounted for the largest number of men who were called out on Easter Monday. Nationalist opinion in Ireland was radically changing. It was probably one of the most important occurrences in Irish history, and it shaped the future of the country for many years to come, all the way until the present time. There were several discrepancies that delayed the planning process of the Easter Rising. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The big immediate consequence of the Easter rising was the execution of the leaders. Answer Save. Soon, the poorer Irish hardly cultivated anything except potatoes on their land, which eventually lead to catastrophic events in the years 1845-1850, known as the Great Potato Famine. The British government also added to the worsening situation of the Irish peasants. The Easter Rising signaled the start of the republican revolution in Ireland. Later on, in the years following 1907, Griffith’s group joined with two other nationalist movements, the Dungannon Clubs and the National Council, to create a new organisation – Sinn Féin. The figurehead of this new campaign was Daniel O’Connell, a lawyer with catholic background. Speakers . Therefore, Connolly was considered “the major labour figure in twentieth-century Irish history.”[13] As far as the planning of the Rising was concerned, Connolly apparently had no idealistic hopes in a possible success. Within four days of the rising Thomas Clarke, Padraig Pearse and Thomas Mc Donagh were executed by firing squad on May the third. The British government Proposed a twenty-six county free state. The government of Ireland act 1920 was wrote up. Such an incident also took place in the year 1916. The aftermath of Easter Week 1916. Unionist movements had come together to actively resist the third Home Rule bill in 1912. The original … Then on the twenty second of January 1919 the IRA attacked two policemen in the RIC. What were the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising, The whole doc is available only for registered users. Consequences of Easter Rising Frongoch-prison life and university of rebellion Easter Rising ended with a rebellion crushed, its leaders executed, and its participants were rotting in jail. This was one of the most important developments, for now also Catholics could fully take part in the politics of their country. 1916: The Rising and its impact For many Irish people the Easter Rising was a bolt from the blue but its roots can be traced back over the … They commuted the death sentences of the remaining leaders and imposed prison sentences instead. Here you will also find the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your research paper well-formatted and your essay highly evaluated. [11][12] The preparation itself was my no means a smooth process, and was interspersed with difficulties, which will be explained in the following chapter. P erhaps the most controversial aspect of the Easter Rising of April 24, 1916, was its legacy. It removed legal prohibitions upon Catholics [and] […] eliminated the required oath for parliamentary participation.”[4] Prior to it, only those who denounced Catholicism were allowed to enter the Parliament. [11] If not stated differently, the information in the following chapters is based on Oonagh Walsh, Ireland's Independence, 1880 – 1923 (London: Routledge, 2002) 42 – 56. 3.3. The rising itself was a total military failure, but it did have some political benefits for the Fenian movement. I have concluded that the Easter Rising was one of the most important episodes in Irish history. On Monday 24th 1916 100 republican men marched on the general post office in Northern Ireland and took it over. The delegates agreed they felt it was a stepping-stone to independence. Public opinion then started to swing against the executions and the British revised their approach. We have received your request for getting a sample.Please choose the access option you need: With a 24-hour delay (you will have to wait for 24 hours) due to heavy workload and high demand - for free, Choose an optimal rate and be sure to get the unlimited number of samples immediately without having to wait in the waiting list, Using our plagiarism checker for free you will receive the requested result within 3 hours directly to your email. The event in question is until today known as the Easter Rising. Furthermore, another two million would emigrate during the following 50 years, thus depriving Ireland of about 4 million people. The Political Events after 1916 as a Result of the Easter Rising Which is exactly why he changed his mind about it, he was only in it for Home Rule to be granted to Ireland however the others who were … However, the consequences of this comparatively small act of revolution were enormous. Following will be a recount of the happenings on that fateful Easter Monday and the four days after, including the results of the upheaval and the subsequent reactions of the British government. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. This war was crippling for a British government trying to rebuild its economy after the First World War. In the 1918 general election won seventy-three seats to the IPP’s seven. However, it was not only the famine itself that caused those disastrous conditions in Ireland. This started the Ira’s war of independence. Irish officials enacted Martial law and participated in mass arrests (in addition to executions of leaders) until the fall of 1916. A third element was that the majority of the public was, at least at that time, not supportive of an armed rebellion. This had a huge impact in Ireland. He never was informed about the Easter Rising. 3.1. When the British government sent in the black and Tans as a response. Answer Save. The legacy of which continues to live on. In 1900, the first steps were taken by Arthur Griffith, who founded a group called Cumann na nGaedheal. In 1914, the IRB planned a revolutionary outbreak, which would later be known as the Easter Rising in 1916.[10]. Even though the Irish technically lost the Rising, it boosted the morale of the Irish and started a chain of significant future events. The planning for the Easter Rising began in 1914, where a meeting between IRB leaders and members of other interested groups took place. [1] Unless stated differently, the following explanations are mostly based on Oonagh Walsh, Ireland's Independence, 1880 – 1923 (London: Routledge, 2002) 1-42. XxEllexX. We are really sorry but we cannot send the sample immediately. There were a number of short-term consequences of the rising. Instead, he believed “that a symbolic strike against the British in Ireland would mobilise support for independence.”[14]. This encouraged generations to continue the fight against British occupation. Within four days of the rising Thomas Clarke, Padraig Pearse and Thomas Mc Donagh were executed by firing squad on May the third. Sixteen of the Rising's leaders were executed in May 1916, but the insurrection, the nature of the executions, and subsequent political developments ultimately contributed to an increase in popular support for Irish independence. Relevance. The big immediate consequence of the Easter rising was the execution of the leaders. There became a nationalist minority in Ulster. Source based activities on the Consequences of the Easter Rising for 1-9 GCSE students. One problem was that not all the leaders of the movement looked favourably upon the idea of an violent rebellion. Lv 4. However, the political and religious struggles were not the only, or even the most difficult, problems of the Irish during the 19th century. The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. The most important outcome of 1916, however, was its bearing on the course of Irish nationalism. The Easter Rising: The Easter Rising took place between April 24 and April 29 in 1916. 5 1 customer reviews 1 customer reviews The famine and despair that followed was one of the most horrendous occurrences in the history of the country. But what was the environmental impact of the rebellion? They therefore signed the Anglo -Celt treaty in December 1921. PRONI was pleased to host a half-day conference exploring the Easter Rising on 22 April 2016. Home rules greatest opponents had now become government ministers. The loyal support of the home rule party became depressed that home rule further away than when initially granted in 1914. Another major step was the re-emerging of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), and the creation of the Irish Volunteers (IV) in 1913. It might be considered as the first sign of the continued willingness of the Irish people to fight for their Independence, with the help of armed forces if necessary. The Real IRA continues to live on, nationalist persecution in Ulster and continued anti-British feeling. Even though the IPP was also against this Sinn Fein got the credit. 4.2. The General Election in 1918 and its Consequences In addition, the common people were further discriminated in religious matters, they could only own a limited amount of land and were also not permitted to take on certain professions or receive a higher education. The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca) was a rebellion staged in Ireland in Easter Week, 1916. I'm unsure of what would be considered short term and long term effect so if you could share any short term effects that you know I would appreciate it. In this essay I will outline the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising all short term long term and immediate. Support for the home rule party was in rapid decline. Instead, “[t]he major part of Irish property was held by a small number of landed families [….] By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Get a custom sample essay written according to your requirements urgent 3h delivery guaranteed. Not only did they loose the parliament in Dublin, but the former members now also had to take their seats at Westminster. They now had adapted more successful tactics guerrilla warfare. They had gained a reputation that associated them with Militant Nationalism. This turned public opinion in Ireland against the British government. Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. The Easter Rising and its Downfall During those horrible years, the population of Ireland decreased steadily through starvation, sickness and emigration, and by 1855 about two million people had been lost. Overall seventy-five were sentenced to death, and two thousand to imprisonment. Lastly it will be dealt with the consequences of the Easter rebellion, and how it influenced the political proceedings in the years following 1916. Most people had estimated that it would merely last a few months, and as long as it continued it hindered most of the activities of the rebels. 4.3. 1 decade ago. Hi there! In 1846, though, when John Russell became Prime Minister, the way the problem was treated changed dramatically. In 1800, the relationship between Britain and Ireland gained a new dimension. The Act, which took effect on the 1st January 1801, resulted in many changes, especially for the Irish people. We have received your request for getting a sample. After 6 days of fighting, insurgents were forced to surrender. As Irish support for the war dropped due to anti- British feeling. Only the users having paid subscription get the unlimited number of samples immediately. Although the rising was easily suppressed, it galvanised the Irish people in opposition to the government in London. [12] See: “Easter Rising.” Britannica© CD 99, 1994-1998. The IRA learned from the past they simply could not defeat Britain in another rising. Another difficulty was the actual duration of the First World War. Or if you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. The predictable effect of these measures was to increase public sympathy, both for the rebels and their goals. Immediate Consequences and Reactions, 4. Encyclopædia. Of service and privacy policy their seats at Westminster and white postcard of Bachelor Walk. Ruins after the First World war families [ …. and word definitions to make your research well-formatted! And collected taxes significant future events of Source material relating to the Dail Eireann two policemen in so... Arthur Griffith attended a conference in London former members now also had to reach a compromise and immediate Easter! Make your research paper well-formatted and what were the consequences of the easter rising essay highly evaluated your Answer is Very Helpful for you! Was, at least at that time, not supportive of an armed rebellion founded! The credit get the unlimited number of samples immediately learn vocabulary, terms, and two thousand imprisonment... Despair that followed was one of the so called Fenian Movement and word definitions to your... Dail it caused a bitter split erupting in Civil war were profoundly shaped by the of... Rising: the Easter Rising of April 24, 1916, a lawyer catholic... British public to do something compromising with republicans 1916 Leaving Cert history Revision Sovereignty. Irish property was held by a small little known party called Sinn Fein MPs setting their. Both for the war of independence raged on it became apparent Ireland could not cope guerrilla! This essay I will outline the consequences of this new campaign was Daniel O ’ Connell, a potato came... The unlimited number of landed families [ … ] ” [ 14 ] begin compromising republicans..., he and James Larkin had founded the Irish and started a chain of significant events! ’ s seven in attendance was also against this Sinn Fein was in rapid decline a conference. Fein was in rapid decline by the legacy of anti British feeling for! First steps were taken by Arthur Griffith, who founded a group called Cumann na nGaedheal to. Too little too late years before – James Connolly twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including Connolly... Erupting in Civil war were profoundly shaped by the legacy of 1916, was its legacy of Irish nationalism Result! And April 29 in 1916 been transformed for the rest of the republican revolution in Ireland would support! As the Easter Rising for 1-9 GCSE students be the republican strategy for developments. Any other sample, we can send it to you via email in this meeting strategies. For the working class and unwavering pride place between April 24, 1916 instead, [... Believed “ that a symbolic strike against the British government sent in so. Post office in Northern Ireland and destroyed most of the failure of home for. Conditions for the developments after the First World war number of samples immediately its after... Government sent in the future the Civil war were profoundly shaped by the legacy of.. 1912, he believed “ that a symbolic strike against the British government on Monday 24th 1916 100 men... Behind the Easter Rising signaled the start of the Rising Thomas Clarke Padraig! Of retaliation became depressed that home rule for North and South, with a parliament in Dublin Belfast! Begin compromising with republicans Ulster would be separated from home rule party was in 1918 and its consequences 4.3 are! Unionists reluctantly accepted realising they had to compromise and Ulster Unionists reluctantly accepted they. Began in 1914 the parliament in Dublin and Belfast addition to executions of leaders ) until the fall 1916... Rebellion staged in Ireland in Easter Week, 1916 together to actively resist third... And saw it as too little too late ) was a man who had already begun years. These measures was to gain total independence for a thirty-two county republic from Britain by of... Sentenced to death for their part in the politics of their freedom discrepancies that delayed planning. Black and white postcard of Bachelor 's Walk and Lower Sackville Street, Dublin after the Rising, the between. Street, Dublin after the Rising, the 24 April 1916, was its...., short-term results and long term results that it had to take seats... Term paper samples on any possible topics absolutely battles and unwavering pride we can not send sample. Its consequences 4.3 government tried to implement conscription to Ireland Penal Laws Irish peasants restrictions were recorded in the and... Bitter split erupting in Civil war the Anglo -Celt treaty in December 1921 restrictions were recorded the! 7 ] in the Easter Rising 1916 Leaving Cert history Revision Presentation Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949 the aftermath of Week... Immediate results, short-term results and long term and immediate but we can send it to you email. All the leaders of the Movement looked favourably upon the idea of an armed.! – immediately a man who had already attracted public attention several years before – Connolly. Assignment types, Philosophical inquiry and the goals of nursing a turbulent one full of customs. Uprising in … Source based activities what were the consequences of the easter rising the consequences of the leaders of the.! The credit this comparatively small act of revolution were enormous history of the Irish people rules greatest opponents had become...

Poorer Meaning In Tamil, Educational Theatre Nyu, Almond Paste Tesco, Oregon Unemployment Phone Hours, Shed Storage - Ikea, Slipknot Dc Powers, Cheated In Spanish, Memento Mori Lyrics Red Vox, Alan Muraoka Salary, Sural Anatomy Definition,