This snake is a helpful species that likes to feed on mice and other rodents that can be a nuisance to humans. It is too bad, too. The Eastern Foxsnake preys mostly on small rodents that it kills by constriction. It thrives in areas like fields and railroad right-of-ways. Sound: Although it lacks rattles, the western fox snake can make a rattly sound when it shakes its tail. Adults have an unmarked bronze colored head. The western fox snake's belly is yellow with black marks. The western fox snake is one of special concern to Michigan authorities as it faces habitat destruction of the woodlands and prairie lands it calls home. Western Fox Snakes are only distinguishable by their fewer, smaller dorsal blotches, but fortunately the range of the two species of Fox Snakes do not overlap. It also may hiss when threatened. The blotches on the eastern fox snake are 4, 5, or 6 scales in length, while the western fox snake's blotches are 3 to 4 scales in length (Schmidt 1941, Harding 1997). It can be found in Michigan, South Dakota, Missouri, Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin. Western fox snake inhabits edges of the forests, pastures and fields. Geographic Range. This species is the most frequently encountered snake in people's homes, especially if the house has an old rock foundation where the snake(s) may be hunting for food or hibernating in the basement. They are non-poisonous and is a subspecies of the Foxsnake. The distribution of the western fox snake in Indiana is limited to the northwest corner of the state. I have fox snakes by the house, How do I dertime the difference from a Eastern Fox and a Western Fox snake? Western fox snake is non-venomous snake that belongs to the colubrid family. (Conant and Collins, 1998; Michigan Natural Features Inventory, 2004) There are three separate species of hognose snakes - the eastern, western and southern. Of the three, the western species (subspecies: plains, dusty, Mexican) is by far the most commonly kept in captivity. The foxsnake is often mistaken for the venomous copperhead … It can be also found near the farms. Eastern Fox Snake […] Black Rat Snakes, which have similar coloration as juveniles, have 221 or more ventral scutes (while fox snakes have 216 or fewer). Reproduction. From all the pics I have seen on the internet, its pretty hard to tell them apart. The entire body of a snake is covered with scales, including its eyes. Fox snakes will emit a musky odor when disturbed. Because of this snakes have no eyelids and cannot blink or close their eyes. Western fox snakes mate in the spring. They also coil and vibrate their tails in leaves as to mimic a rattlesnake in … The Eastern Foxsnake is a prairie grassland and farmland snake that prefers moist habitats to drier ones. Its natural range is from west Texas across to New Mexico, and northward into southern Canada. Eastern fox snakes have fewer blotches (average 34) than do western fox snakes (average 41). 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